The Terracotta Army is a collection of terracotta sculptures depicting the armies of Qin Shi Huang, the first Emperor of China. It is a form of funerary art buried with the emperor in 210–209 BCE with the purpose of protecting the emperor in his afterlife.
The figures, dating from approximately the late third century BCE, were discovered in 1974 by local farmers in Lintong County, outside Xi’an, Shaanxi, China. The figures vary in height according to their roles, with the tallest being the generals. The figures include warriors, chariots and horses. Estimates from 2007 were that the three pits containing the Terracotta Army held more than 8,000 soldiers, 130 chariots with 520 horses, and 150 cavalry horses, the majority of which remained buried in the pits near Qin Shi Huang’s mausoleum. Other terracotta non-military figures were found in other pits, including officials, acrobats, strongmen, and musicians.
Globus Vacations offers a once-in-a-lifetime Small Group Discovery tour that visits this spectacular “8th Wonder of the World” as well many other treasured sites in China, including Tian’anmen Square, the Forbidden City, the Great Wall, and Temple of Heaven. Find out more about booking this spectacular 11-day tour from Beijing to Shanghai. 2020 departures from $2,155 per person are still available. Contact Rosanna for more information.